Health Risk Advisory
Individuals entering Crime, Death, Suicide and Trauma Scenes may be at high risk of contracting viral and bacterial illnesses carried in blood, body fluids, bone fragments and feces.
Handling of items located in scenes where blood, body fluids and bone fragments are present should not be done by the general public, or good Samaritans, due to associated health risks.
When blood, body fluids and bone fragments are present, areas should be cleaned, sanitized and deodorized by a professional Crime and Death Scene cleaning company to insure the site is rendered pathogenically safe and odor free. Experienced, professional Bio-hazard companies, whose primary business is bio-hazard clean-up, safeguard against further public health risk, and insure regulated waste is identified, packaged, and processed in accordance with Federal, State and local regulations.
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Human Immunodeficiency Virus & Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV attacks the body's immune system causing the disease known as AIDS. There is no vaccine to prevent HIV.
HIV is transmitted primarily through sexual contact, but may also be transmitted through contact with infected flood and specific infected body fluids.
*Research has revealed a great deal of valuable medical, scientific, and public health information about HIV and AIDS. The ways in which HIV can be transmitted have been clearly identified. HIV is found in varying concentrations or amounts in blood, semen, vaginal fluid, breast milk, saliva, and tears. HIV/AIDS is a sexually transmitted disease.
Hepatitis B Virus
*HBV is a potentially life-threatening bloodborne pathogen. Carriers of HBV face a significantly higher risk for other liver ailments which can be fatal, including cirrhosis of the liver and primary liver cancer.
*HBV vaccine prevents Hepatitis B disease and its serious consequences.
*HBV infection is transmitted through exposure to blood and other infectious body fluids and tissues. HBV is a sexually transmitted disease.
Hepatitis C Virus
HCV is a seriously life-threatening bloodborne pathogen. *HCV causes chronic infection in 75-85% of individuals infected with the virus. 70% of all chronically infected persons suffer from chronic liver disease. HCV is the leading indication for liver transplant.
*Persons at risk for HCV infection might also be at risk for infection with HBV or HIV. 80% of persons infected with HCV have no signs or symptoms.
*There is no vaccine for HCV. HCV is a sexually transmitted disease.
Hepatitis A Virus
*HAV is found in the stool (feces) of persons with Hepatitis A.
*HAV is usually spread from person-to-person by putting something in the mouth (even ghough it may look clean) that has been contaminated with the stool of a person with Hepatitis A.
HAV may be contracted through sexual activity with an infected person.
*Ebola is a rare and deadly disease caused by infection with a strain of Ebola Virus.
*Ebola is spread through direct contact with blood and body fluids (including, but not limited to, feces, saliva, sweat, urine, vomit, and semen) of a person already showing symptoms of Ebola.
Local health officials and/or the CDC should be contacted immediatley if Ebola is suspected.
Ebola is a highly contageous pathogen capable of causing a Pandenic. Areas suspected to be contaminated with the Ebola Virus should be locked down immediately to prevent spread of the virus. Areas contaminated with the Ebola Virus should only be entered, cleaned and disinfected by professionals specially trained in the cleanup, handling and disposal of a Level 4 Pathogen.
For more information on Bloodborne Pathogens go to
Center for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC)
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