HIV attacks the body's immune system cuasing the disease known as AIDS. There is no vaccine to prevent HIV.
HIV is transmitted priarily through sexual contact, but may also be transmitted throughcontact with infected blood and specific infected body fluids.
Bloodborne pathogens include, but are not limited to, HIV/AIDS, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, and sexually transmitted diseases (STD's). These illnesses, found in the blood and body fluids of infected individuals, may seriously affect quality of life and, in some cases, cause death. Feces found in manyu death scenes is a carrier of the Hepatitis A virus.
Extreme caution should be taken when approaching any scene where blood or body fluids are thought to be present. Handrails, door knobs, and light switches, as well as, points of entry and flooring should be considered part of the "hot zone" (i.e., areas posing great risk for personal contamination due to the presence of blood, body fluids, and other potentially infectious material (POIM)).
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) should be worn when entering any scene to safeguard against bloodborne pathogen eposure and subsequent illness.
Entering a scene after it has been released by police, sheriff, or other law enforcement agencies where a suicide, crime, death or trauma has occurred may result in direct contact with blood, body fluids and waste infected with bloodborne pathogens. Significant risk of needle stick is also present in scenes where blood and body fluid is found due to the routine presence of used needles and syringes. Contaminants and bone fragments may be tracked out on the bottom of shoes which can cause further cross contamination, and subsequent risk to family members in private vehicles and homes.
Pets in crime, death, suicide and trauma scenes pose a serious health risk to anyone entering the scene. NEVER handle pets exposed to blood or body fluids. A bite, scratch or puncture from a cat or dog contaminated with infected blood or body fluid may result in contracting a serious, and potentially life-threatening viral or bacterial infection. Do not enter the scene if a pet is present. Contact an experienced bio-hazard cleaning specialist to assist you.
Emotional Trauma can result from entering a crime, death or suicide scene. Family members and lived ones should seek the assistance of a professional Crime and Death Scene Cleaning Company before entering any scene. Professional Technicians can assist with the immediate needs of the family while safeguarding their health and emotional wellbeing. OSHA restricts regular employees from entering any scene where it is reasonably anticipated there will be contact with blood or body fluids.
Methods of Exposure include ingesion, inhalation, absorption, injection, and direct mucous membrane contact. Bloodborne pathogens (viral and bacterial infections) may enter your body and infect you through a variety of means when entering a scene where blood and body fluid is present such as: 1) An accidental injury with a sharp object contaminated with infectious material such as needles, broken glass, wood splinters, or anything that can pierce, cut or puncture your skin; 2) Open cuts, nicks and skin abrasions, even dermatitis and acne, as well as the mucous membranes of your mouth, eyes or nose; 3) Indirect transmisison, such as touching a contaminated object or surface and transferring the infectious material to your mouth, eyes, nose or open skin; or 4) by flaking blood blowing into your eyes, nose or mouth.
Medical Treatment and/or Counseling should be sought immediatley if you have suffered an exposure incident (defined above) involving blood, body fluid or used needles.
Disposal of blood soaked items and items with dried, flaking blood should only be handled by professionals sho identify and process regulated waste as a routine course of business. Risk of contracting a bloodborne pathogen illness is extremely high when handling regulated waste in a violent crime or long-term death scene. Regulated waste, as defined by OSHA (CFR 1910.1030), may not be placed in dumpsters or trash, and must be packaged, transported and disposed of in accordance with federal, state and local regulations. used needles and syringes must be packaged in a sharps container and disposed of by a licensed medical waste carrier.
Cleaning, Sanitizing and Deodorizing of all scenes containing blood and body fluids should be performed by an experienced Crime and Death Scene Cleaning Company which dispatches Certified Haz-Mat and Bio-Hazard Specialists. Clean-up of crime, suicide and death scenes by professional Bio-hazard Remediation Companies is heavily regulated under OSHA's Final Rule for Occupational Exposure to Bloodborne Pathogens (CFR 1910.1030). Utilizing the services of a compliance Crime and Death Scene cleaning company insures that a property is returned to a pathogenically safe and odor free state which poses no further health risk.
OSHA restricts all regular employees from entering an area where it is reasonably anticipated that there will e contact with blood or body fluids (CFR 1910.1030). Violation of OSHA's Final Rule on Occupational Exposure to Bloodborne Pathogens by a business can result in fines for property owners, property management companies, and on-site management personnel.
Bio-hazardous scenes ar not pathogenically safe when released by law enforcement agencies.
Blood and Body Fluids found at crime, suicide, death and trauma scenes carry potentially fatal bloodborne pathogens (disease causing microorganisma) which may be contracted by individuals entering a scene.
Public Health Notice:
BLOOD, BODY FLUIDS AND BONE FRAGMENTS PRESENT IN SUICIDE, CRIME, DEATH AND TRAUMA SCENES POSE SERIOUS PUBLIC HEALTH RISKS
Hepatitis A Virus
HAV is found in the stool (feces) of persons with Hepatitis A.
HAV is usually spread from person-to-person by putting something in the mouth (eventhough it may look clean) that has been contaminated with the stool of a person with Hepatitis A.
HAV may be contracted through sexual activity with an infected person.
Hepatitis B Virus
HBV is a serious, potentially life-threatening bloodborne pathogen responsible for an estimated 4000 to 5000 death each year in the United States due to cirrhosis and liver cancer.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus & Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Copyright © CDC-Diseases 1995 to All Rights Reserved
Hepatitis C Virus
HCV is a serious, life-threatening bloodborne pathogen causing chronic infection in 75-85% of the individuals infected with the virus.
Ebola Hemorrhagic Virus
EHV is a deadly, highly contageous Level 4 Pathogen capable of causing a Pandemic with mass casualties.
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